KORNFELD, PAUL

KORNFELD, PAUL
KORNFELD, PAUL (1889–1942), German playwright and novelist. Born and raised in Prague in the circle of the young franz werfel , Ernst Deutsch, willy haas , franz kafka and max brod , Kornfeld moved to Frankfurt in 1914 working as a drama adviser while publishing his first tragedy, Die Verführung (1916), which won him a reputation as an important expressionist playwright. Kornfeld's technique may be described as symbolic realism. His aim was to avoid any imitation of physical reality, and he urged the actors in his plays to refrain from any suggestion of realism. Soon he became known for the stories "Legende" (1917) and "Die Begegnung" (1917) as well as for the important programmatic expressionist essay "Der beseelte und der psychologische Mensch" (1918), a fundamental critique of psychology and at the same time the foundation of his anti-mimetic program of acting. After the less successful tragedy Himmel und Hölle (1919) Kornfeld turned towards comedy in the 1920s, writing Der ewige Traum (1922), Palme oder Der Gekraenkte (1924), Kilian oder Die gelbe Rose (1926), Smither kauft Europa (1930) and, after moving to Berlin in 1928, the important historical drama Jud Suess (1930), dealing with the problem of assimilation and antisemitism. In Berlin, Kornfeld also wrote essays and criticism for Leopold Schwarzschild's Das Tage-Buch. In 1932, he returned to his native Prague, was captured by the Nazis in 1941, and deported to the Lodz ghetto, where he died soon after. In his last years he wrote the novel Blanche oder Das Atelier im Garten, a comédie humaine far removed from expressionism, which was published posthumously in 1957 and ever since has been considered his most important work. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Sborowitz, in: G. Krojanker (ed.), Juden in der deutschen Literatur (1922), 219–30; M. Maren-Grisebach, Weltanschauung und Kunstform im Fruehwerk Paul Kornfelds (Thesis, Hamburg, 1960). ADD. BIBLIOGRAPHY: S. Nugy, Paul Kornfeld, Jud Süss (1995); W. Haumann, Paul Kornfeld (1996). (Rudolf Kayser / Andreas Kilcher (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kornfeld, Paul — (1889 c.1943)    Playwright. Kornfeld was an influential Expressionist playwright, with two plays in that vein to his credit: Die Verführung (The Seduction, 1917) and Himmel und Hölle (Heaven and Hell, 1919). He later wrote comedies, which were… …   Historical dictionary of German Theatre

  • Kornfeld, Paul — (1889 1942)    German playwright. He was born in Prague. He wrote tragedies, comedies and an historical drama, Jud Suss. He was deported by the Nazis and died in the Lodz Ghetto …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Kornfeld, Paul —    см. Корнфельд, Пауль …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Paul Kornfeld — (* 11. Dezember 1889 in Prag; † im Frühjahr 1942 im Ghetto Litzmannstadt (Łódź) war ein deutscher Dramaturg und Schriftsteller. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werke 3 Literatur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KORNFELD, AARON BEN MORDECAI BAER — (1795–1881), last rosh yeshivah of Bohemia. Kornfeld s father, Mordecai Baer, turned an old distillery in golcuv jenikov into a modern factory, and his uncle Salman supplied potash to glass factories and founded a tannery. The wealth they thus… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Kornfeld — is a German surname meaning cornfield and that may refer to:* Artie Kornfeld (born 1942), American musician, record producer and music executive * Herbert Kornfeld * Jack Kornfield (born 1945), Buddhist monk * Joseph Saul Kornfeld, a U.S.… …   Wikipedia

  • Paul Gauguin — Nom de naissance Eugène Henri Paul Gauguin Naissance 7 juin 1848 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Ben-Victor — (* 24. Juli 1965 in Brooklyn, New York City, New York; eigentlich Paul Friedman) ist ein US amerikanischer Schauspieler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Wirken 2 Sonstiges 3 Fil …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Paul Ben-Victor — Données clés Naissance 24 juillet 1965 ( …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Paul Kornfeld — Paul Kornfield is a swimmer currently at Stanford University. He won the 2008 NCAA Swimming and Diving Championship in the 100 yard and the 200 yard breaststroke [ [http://www.ncaaswim.com/men08/ 2008 Men s D1 Swimming and Diving Results ] ] . He …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”